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1000 Multiple Choice Questions (MCQ) for Clothing, Fashion, and Textiles Industries (Part 1/Part 5)

This article is meticulously crafted for students, educators, and professionals in textile engineering and fashion design, making it particularly beneficial for job seekers and those preparing for viva boards. It encompasses an extensive range of topics vital to the textile and fashion industries, making it a valuable resource for comprehensive learning and review.

Key Areas Covered:

  1. Fiber Knowledge: Delve into the world of natural and synthetic fibers, understanding their properties, uses, and production processes.
  2. Spinning Techniques: Explore various spinning methods, yarn formation, and the intricacies involved in turning fibers into yarns.
  3. Weaving and Knitting: Examine the processes and technologies in weaving and knitting, understanding the differences and applications of each.
  4. Washing and Finishing: Gain insights into textile washing techniques, chemical treatments, and finishing processes that enhance fabric quality.
  5. Testing and Quality Control: Learn about the various testing methods for fibers, yarns, and fabrics to ensure quality standards.
  6. Garment Inspection: Understand the critical aspects of garment inspection, from seam strength to overall construction quality.
  7. Fashion Designing: Dive into the principles of fashion design, including pattern making, draping, and the latest trends in fashion.

1000 MCQs for Comprehensive Understanding

  • The article features 1000 meticulously curated Multiple Choice Questions (MCQs), providing a wide-ranging review of all key topics.
  • Each MCQ is designed to challenge and enhance the understanding of students and professionals alike.
  • Answers are provided for each question, making it an ideal tool for self-assessment and exam preparation.

Benefit to Readers:

  • For Students: An invaluable resource for exam preparation and understanding complex concepts in a simplified manner.
  • For Job Seekers: Aids in interview preparation, offering a thorough review of essential topics in the textile and fashion industry.
  • For Educators: Serves as a comprehensive teaching aid, enriching the learning experience for students.

In conclusion, this article is a treasure trove of knowledge for anyone aspiring to excel in textile engineering and fashion design. Its extensive coverage of key topics, combined with a vast array of MCQs, makes it an essential guide for success in academic and professional pursuits in this dynamic field.

1000 MCQs on Textiles and Clothing: Selected Questions and Answers

  • The short-length man-made yarns are called ___________ yarns.
  • A. Complex
  • B. Filament
  • C. Spun
  • D. None of these
  • Answer: C. Spun
  • Explanation: Spun yarns are created by twisting or spinning together short length fibers. In the case of man-made fibers, they are cut into staple lengths similar to natural fibers before being spun. This is distinct from filament yarns, which consist of long continuous fibers and are used as such without being cut into shorter lengths. The process of spinning adds cohesion and strength to the yarn, making spun yarns a fundamental component in various textile applications.
  • Spinning of yarn means_________ .
    • A. Denier
    • B. Twisting
    • C. Tex
    • D. Pulling
    • Answer: B. Twisting
    • Explanation: The spinning of yarn refers to the process of twisting fibers together to form yarn. This twisting is crucial as it binds the fibers together, providing strength and cohesion necessary for the subsequent textile processes. ‘Denier’ and ‘Tex’ are units of measurement for fiber thickness, while ‘Pulling’ is not a term directly related to the spinning process.
  • Symmetrical balance occurs when the space within a garment is divided into _________ parts.
    • A. Equal
    • B. Un equal
    • C. Three
    • D. Four
    • Answer: A. Equal
    • Explanation: Symmetrical balance in design, including in garments, is achieved when the elements on either side of a central axis are mirror images of each other, meaning the space is divided into equal parts. This balance creates a sense of harmony and orderliness in design, which is visually appealing.
  • Which is an elastomeric fiber?
    • A. Acrylic
    • B. Mod Acrylic
    • C. Nylon
    • D. Spandex
    • Answer: D. Spandex
    • Explanation: Spandex is an elastomeric fiber, known for its exceptional ability to stretch and then return to its original shape. This is a unique characteristic that distinguishes it from other fibers like acrylic, mod acrylic, and nylon, which do not have the same level of elasticity.
  • When the design elements work well together _______ is achieved.
    • A. Rhythm
    • B. Balance
    • C. Proportion
    • D. Harmony
    • Answer: D. Harmony
    • Explanation: Harmony in design is achieved when all the different elements (such as color, texture, shape, etc.) work well together to create a cohesive and aesthetically pleasing whole. It signifies a sense of order and consistency within the design, where no single element dominates, but instead, all contribute to an overall unified look.
  • Triangular-shaped folds of fabric stitched to control fullness are called __________.
    • A. Gathers
    • B. Pleats
    • C. Darts
    • D. Hem
    • Answer: C. Darts
    • Explanation: Darts are folds sewn into the fabric to provide shape and fit to a garment. They are typically triangular in shape and are used to tailor the garment to fit the contours of the body, especially around curved areas like the bust, waist, and hips. Darts help in controlling fabric fullness and are a fundamental technique in garment construction.
  • The process of converting waste material into new product and objects is called __________.
    • A. Recreation
    • B. Redesigning
    • C. Reformation
    • D. Recycling
    • Answer: D. Recycling
    • Explanation: Recycling is the process of converting waste materials into new products or objects. This practice is crucial for sustainable development as it helps in reducing the consumption of fresh raw materials, minimizes waste, and can also save energy. In the context of textiles, recycling can involve reprocessing used clothing, fabric scraps, and other materials into new textile products.
  • The process of converting fibers directly into fabric is __________.
    • A. Weaving
    • B. Spinning
    • C. Knitting
    • D. Felting
    • Answer: D. Felting
    • Explanation: Felting is a unique process where fibers are matted together to create a non-woven fabric. This is achieved without spinning, weaving, or knitting. Instead, fibers, often wool, are interlocked together through heat, moisture, and pressure, forming a dense fabric.
  • Colors which are exact opposite to each other on color wheel are _________.
    • A. Analogous
    • B. Monochromatic
    • C. Complimentary
    • D. Tetrade
    • Answer: C. Complimentary
    • Explanation: Complementary colors are pairs of colors that, when combined, cancel each other out because they are on opposite sides of the color wheel. This means they produce a grayscale color like white or black when mixed together. Examples include red and green or blue and orange.
  • Lightness or darkness of a color is known as ____________.
  • A. Value
  • B. Intensity
  • C. Brightness
  • D. Dullness
  • Answer: A. Value
  • Explanation: Value in color theory refers to the lightness or darkness of a color. It’s an important concept in creating a sense of depth or emphasis in art and design. By adjusting a color’s value, one can create contrast and visual interest.
  • There are ___________ neutral colors.
  • A. 1
  • B. 4
  • C. 3
  • D. 5
  • Answer: C. 3
  • Explanation: In color theory, the three traditional neutral colors are black, white, and grey. These colors are considered ‘neutral’ as they do not show any hue and blend well with other colors without affecting their properties.
  • Flax is a __________ fiber.
  • A. Cellulosic
  • B. Proteinic
  • C. Synthetic
  • D. Man Made
  • Answer: A. Cellulosic
  • Explanation: Flax is a natural fiber of vegetable origin, classified as a cellulosic fiber. It is obtained from the stem of the flax plant and is primarily used to make linen. Its cellulosic composition gives it a unique blend of strength, absorbency, and drying properties.
  • __________ is the art of creating designs for knitted, woven and non-woven fabrics.
  • A. Illustrations
  • B. Textile Designs
  • C. Paintings
  • D. Sketches
  • Answer: B. Textile Designs
  • Explanation: Textile design refers to the process of creating designs for knitted, woven, and non-woven fabrics. It involves an understanding of the properties of different fabrics and the ways in which they can be decorated or patterned through various techniques such as dyeing, printing, embroidery, weaving, and knitting.
  • _________French term for exclusive one-of-a-kind high fashion.
  • A. Boutique
  • B. Showroom
  • C. Outlet
  • D. Haute couture
  • Answer: D. Haute couture
  • Explanation: ‘Haute couture’ is a French term that translates to ‘high sewing’ or ‘high dressmaking’. It refers to the creation of exclusive, custom-fitted clothing. Haute couture garments are one-of-a-kind designs made with high-quality materials and intricate handwork.
  • _______________ is the basic unit of textile.
  • A. Fabric
  • B. Yarn
  • C. Fiber
  • D. Cloth
  • Answer: C. Fiber
  • Explanation: Fiber is the most basic and fundamental component of textiles. It refers to the fine, hair-like materials that can be woven or knitted to create fabric. Fibers can be natural, like cotton or wool, or synthetic, like polyester.
  • Solution dyeing is mostly used for ________ fibers.
  • A. Wool
  • B. Natural
  • C. Synthetic
  • D. Cellulosic
  • Answer: C. Synthetic
  • Explanation: Solution dyeing is a technique primarily used for synthetic fibers. In this process, the color is added to the molten polymer before it is extruded through the spinneret, resulting in a thoroughly colored fiber with colorfast properties.
  • Creativity in textile is also known as ___________.
  • A. Fabric
  • B. Clothing
  • C. Textiles
  • D. Designing
  • Answer: D. Designing
  • Explanation: Creativity in textiles is most accurately described as ‘Designing’. It involves the process of conceptualizing and creating patterns, prints, and structures for various textile products.
  • ___________ designing shows awkward look in clothing.
  • A. Good
  • B. Incomplete
  • C. Unstitched
  • D. Raw
  • Answer: B. Incomplete
  • Explanation: Incomplete designing refers to a design process that is not fully executed or refined, often resulting in garments that appear unfinished or awkward.
  • ______________ designers sell their designs to fashion houses.
  • A. Full-time
  • B. Freelance
  • C. Self-employed
  • D. In-house
  • Answer: B. Freelance
  • Explanation: Freelance designers are independent professionals who create designs and often sell them to fashion houses or companies. They work on a project or contract basis rather than being permanently employed by one company.
  • Grey cloth is also known as _________.
  • A. Toile
  • B. Kutch
  • C. Maison
  • D. Unfinished fabric
  • Answer: D. Unfinished fabric
  • Explanation: Grey cloth refers to unfinished fabric. It is the raw fabric that comes directly off the loom or knitting machine and has not yet been bleached, dyed, or processed.
  • First synthetic dye was developed in ________.
  • A. 1856
  • B. 1857
  • C. 1858
  • D. 1859
  • Answer: A. 1856
  • Explanation: The first synthetic dye was developed in 1856 by William Henry Perkin, who accidentally discovered the first aniline dye, known as mauveine or Perkin’s mauve.
  • _________ are made specifically for an individual.
  • A. Haute-Couture
  • B. Pret wear
  • C. Special cloths
  • D. Costumes
  • Answer: A. Haute-Couture
  • Explanation: Haute-Couture refers to garments that are custom-made for an individual. These pieces are tailored to fit the client’s specific measurements and preferences, often involving high-quality materials and handcraftsmanship.
  • Feel or hand of the fabric is its __________.
  • A. Texture
  • B. Strength
  • C. Fall
  • D. Drape
  • Answer: A. Texture
  • Explanation: The term ‘texture’ in the context of fabric refers to the feel or ‘hand’ of the material. It encompasses the surface characteristics that are tactile or visual, like smoothness, roughness, softness, etc.
  • Compounds that color textile is known as __________.
  • A. Finished
  • B. Dyes
  • C. Bleaching
  • D. None of these
  • Answer: B. Dyes
  • Explanation: Dyes are the compounds used to color textiles. They are soluble and impart color to the fabric by chemically bonding to it.
  • Which fiber is popularly called ‘Golden fiber’.
  • A. Cotton
  • B. Silk
  • C. Jute
  • D. Flax
  • Answer: C. Jute
  • Explanation: Jute is commonly referred to as the ‘Golden fiber’ due to its shiny golden color and its economic value.
  • _________ are forms of art that are created by using your hands.
  • A. Hand works
  • B. Designs
  • C. Handicrafts
  • D. Drawings
  • Answer: C. Handicrafts
  • Explanation: Handicrafts are various forms of art and crafts that are made by hand or by using simple tools. They represent artistic expressions that are often functional and traditionally crafted.
  • _________ is an ironing process that adds sheen to the fabric.
  • A. Shearing
  • B. Weighting
  • C. Calendaring
  • D. Embossing
  • Answer: C. Calendaring
  • Explanation: Calendaring is an ironing process that passes fabric through heated rollers to add a smooth, shiny finish to the fabric.
  • The companies that apply only finishes on textiles are….
  • A. Finish Product Supplier
  • B. Converters and jobbers
  • C. Retail Distributor
  • D. None of These
  • Answer: B. Converters and jobbers
  • Explanation: Converters and jobbers are companies in the textile industry that specialize in applying finishes to textiles, such as dyeing or printing.
  • Blends are combination of ……………….. fibers.
  • A. Same
  • B. Bonded
  • C. Different
  • D. None of these
  • Answer: C. Different
  • Explanation: Blends are a combination of different types of fibers mixed together to create fabrics that have combined properties of the individual fibers.
  • The lengthwise yarn in a woven fabric is known as __________.
  • A. Selvedge
  • B. Grain
  • C. Warp
  • D. Weft
  • Answer: C. Warp
  • Explanation: In woven fabrics, the warp refers to the set of lengthwise yarns through which the weft is woven. The warp yarns are held taut on a frame or loom while the weft yarns are woven over and under the warp.
  • In a knit, the lengthwise rows of stitches are called __________.
  • A. Courses
  • B. Wales
  • C. Warps
  • D. None of these
  • Answer: B. Wales
  • Explanation: In knitting, wales refer to the lengthwise rows of stitches. These are the columns of stitches that run lengthwise in a knitted fabric.
  • Bleaching is a ________________ treatment.
  • A. Whitening
  • B. Mercerizing
  • C. Dyeing
  • D. None of these
  • Answer: A. Whitening
  • Explanation: Bleaching is a textile treatment used to whiten fabrics. It involves the use of chemicals to remove color, impurities, or spots from fibers.
  • Sizing is a ____________ treatment.
  • A. Cleaning
  • B. Finishing
  • C. Dyeing
  • D. Printing
  • Answer: B. Finishing
  • Explanation: Sizing is a finishing treatment applied to textiles, particularly in the weaving of yarn. It adds strength and smoothness to the yarn, making it easier to weave without breaking.
  • Principles of design are………….
  • A. Proportion
  • B. Balance
  • C. Rhythm
  • D. All of these
  • Answer: D. All of these
  • Explanation: The principles of design include proportion, balance, and rhythm, among others. These principles are guidelines used to arrange or organize elements in a way that achieves an aesthetically pleasing composition.
  • The designer of ………………… designed garments for High class.
  • A. Haute Couture
  • B. Local
  • C. Pret
  • D. Both a & b
  • Answer: A. Haute Couture
  • Explanation: Haute Couture designers create exclusive, high-end fashion designs typically for high-class clientele. These garments are custom-made for individual clients and are known for their high quality and exclusivity.
  • Other name for screen printing is __________.
  • A. Digital printing
  • B. Transfer printing
  • C. Synthetic printing
  • D. Silk screen printing
  • Answer: D. Silk screen printing
  • Explanation: Screen printing is also known as silk screen printing. It is a printing technique whereby a mesh is used to transfer ink onto a substrate, except in areas made impermeable to the ink by a blocking stencil.
  • In……………… a mesh is used to transfer ink onto a substrate.
  • A. Dyeing
  • B. Batik
  • C. Screen printing
  • D. Weaving
  • Answer: C. Screen printing
  • Explanation: In screen printing, a mesh is used to transfer ink onto a substrate (such as fabric), with certain areas blocked off by a stencil to create a design.
  • Knitting needles by hand should be __________ inches long.
  • A. 7 to 14
  • B. 1 to 7
  • C. 14 to 21
  • D. None of these
  • Answer: A. 7 to 14
  • Explanation: Hand knitting needles typically range from 7 to 14 inches in length. This range is suitable for most hand knitting projects, providing a balance between ease of handling and the ability to accommodate a sufficient number of stitches.
  • Color is also known as……………….
  • A. Pill
  • B. Dust
  • C. Paint
  • D. Hue
  • Answer: D. Hue
  • Explanation: In color theory, ‘hue’ refers to the attribute of a color that enables an observer to classify it as red, blue, green, or any other color. Essentially, hue is another word for the term ‘color’.
  • Which one is the protein fiber among the below-mentioned fibers?
  • A. Cotton
  • B. Jute
  • C. Rayon
  • D. Silk
  • Answer: D. Silk
  • Explanation: Silk is a protein fiber. It is produced by silkworms and is known for its shine and strength. Unlike cotton and jute, which are cellulosic fibers, and rayon, which is a regenerated fiber, silk is a natural protein fiber.
  • Which lines add softness and roundness to a garment?
  • A. Curved
  • B. Diagonal
  • C. Vertical
  • D. Horizontal
  • Answer: A. Curved
  • Explanation: Curved lines in a garment add a sense of softness and roundness. They create a fluid and gentle appearance, as opposed to the sharpness or rigidity that straight lines might impart.
  • The less expensive copies of designer’s garments are called ___________.
  • A. Knock-off
  • B. Seconds
  • C. B-Grade
  • D. Both a & b
  • Answer: A. Knock-off
  • Explanation: Knock-offs are garments that are designed to look like more expensive designer pieces but are made with cheaper materials and sold at lower prices. They imitate the style of the original designs but do not have the same quality.
  • If no water penetrates a fabric, it will be__________.
  • A. Waterproof
  • B. Water-repellent
  • C. Stain
  • D. None of these
  • Answer: A. Waterproof
  • Explanation: A waterproof fabric is one that completely prevents the penetration of water and water vapor. This is different from water-repellent fabrics, which resist water penetration but may not be entirely impervious.
  • When already dyed fabric is printed, it is called __________.
  • A. Double printing
  • B. Another printing
  • C. Over printing
  • D. All of these
  • Answer: C. Over printing
  • Explanation: Over printing is a process where a design is printed onto an already dyed fabric. This technique allows for the addition of patterns or designs on top of the base color of the fabric.
  • Batik is ____ dyeing technique.
  • A. Resist
  • B. Tie & Dye
  • C. Egyptian
  • D. Stock
  • Answer: A. Resist
  • Explanation: Batik is a resist dyeing technique. It involves applying wax to the fabric in specific areas to prevent dye from penetrating those areas, creating a pattern
  • In lab test which fiber dissolved in acetone is?
  • A. Nylon
  • B. Acetate
  • C. Rayon
  • D. Orlon
  • Answer: B. Acetate
  • Explanation: In laboratory tests, acetate fiber is known to dissolve in acetone. This characteristic helps in differentiating acetate from other synthetic fibers like nylon, rayon, and Orlon, which do not dissolve in acetone.
  • Acetate has only________ sunlight resistance.
  • A. Excellent
  • B. Good
  • C. Fair
  • D. Bad
  • Answer: C. Fair
  • Explanation: Acetate fibers have only fair resistance to sunlight. This means that they can degrade or lose strength and color when exposed to sunlight over time, which is less resistant compared to other fibers that may have good or excellent sunlight resistance.
  • Any style that is accepted for a short period of time called __________.
  • A. Tradition
  • B. Classic
  • C. Fad
  • D. Old-fashioned
  • Answer: C. Fad
  • Explanation: A ‘Fad’ refers to a fashion or style that gains rapid popularity and acceptance but only for a short period. Fads are characterized by their fleeting nature, often quickly rising in popularity and then fading away.
  • Surface ornamentation of fabric is called.
  • A. Fashion designing
  • B. Textile designing
  • C. Designing
  • D. None of these
  • Answer: B. Textile designing
  • Explanation: Textile designing refers to the creation and design of structures and patterns on the surface of the fabric. This can include various techniques like printing, embroidery, weaving patterns, etc., and is a key aspect of adding aesthetic and functional value to textiles.
  • __________ are short fibers that measured in inches or centimeters.
  • A. Filament
  • B. Staple
  • C. Coarse
  • D. Bonded
  • Answer: B. Staple
  • Explanation: Staple fibers are short fibers, which are typically measured in inches or centimeters. They contrast with filament fibers, which are long continuous fibers. Staple fibers are commonly found in natural fibers like cotton and wool, and they can also be produced by cutting synthetic filament fibers into shorter lengths.
  • Cotton is known as our __________ crop.
  • A. Finished
  • B. Bleached
  • C. Cash
  • D. Calendered
  • Answer: C. Cash
  • Explanation: Cotton is referred to as a ‘Cash’ crop, indicating its significant economic value. Cash crops are cultivated primarily for sale in the market rather than for personal consumption or usage. Cotton, with its widespread demand in the textile industry, embodies this definition.

Part of the garment that turns back below the collar is called ______.

  • A. Yoke
  • B. Hem
  • C. Lapel
  • D. Trim
  • Answer: C. Lapel
  • Explanation: The lapel is the part of a garment, especially a coat or jacket, that is folded back on the chest. It is most noticeable in formal jackets, where it forms an integral part of the garment’s structure below the collar.

Dacron is a trade name of which fiber?

  • A. Nylon
  • B. Polyester
  • C. Spandex
  • D. Acrylic
  • Answer: B. Polyester
  • Explanation: Dacron is a trade name for polyester, a synthetic fiber known for its durability, resistance to stretching and shrinking, and quick-drying properties.

Fabric is treated with heat, moisture, and pressure to wool fiber.

  • A. Lustering
  • B. Felting
  • C. Beetling
  • D. Glazing
  • Answer: A. Lustering
  • Explanation: Lustering is a finishing process applied to wool fibers involving heat, moisture, and pressure. This treatment enhances the sheen and smoothness of the wool fabric.

The cohesiveness is the ability of fiber to ___________ together.

  • A. Elasticity
  • B. Cling
  • C. Stretch
  • D. Press
  • Answer: B. Cling
  • Explanation: Cohesiveness in fibers refers to their ability to cling or stick together. This property is essential in the spinning process, where fibers must adhere to each other to form a continuous yarn.

In which device the finished fabric is held under tension.

  • A. Cloth beam
  • B. Shuttle
  • C. Warp beam
  • D. None of these
  • Answer: A. Cloth beam
  • Explanation: The cloth beam is a device in weaving looms where the finished fabric is wound. It holds the fabric under tension as it is being woven.

The ability of fabric to draw moisture away from your body is __________.

  • A. Wicking
  • B. Absorbency
  • C. Resiliency
  • D. None of these
  • Answer: A. Wicking
  • Explanation: Wicking refers to the ability of a fabric to draw moisture away from the body, helping to keep the wearer dry and comfortable. This property is especially valued in athletic and performance wear.

When dye is applied in a specific pattern on fabric, it is called _______.

  • A. Double printing
  • B. Another printing
  • C. Dyeing
  • D. Printing
  • Answer: D. Printing
  • Explanation: Printing on fabric involves applying dye or color in specific patterns or designs. Unlike dyeing, which colors the entire fabric, printing is used to apply colors in particular areas only.

A fitted section at the shoulders or hips to which the garment is attached is called ______.

  • A. Collar
  • B. Yoke
  • C. Hem
  • D. Both A & B
  • Answer: B. Yoke
  • Explanation: A yoke is a fitted panel, often found at the shoulders or around the hips, to which parts of the garment are attached. It provides structure and shape to the garment.

Sueding is a __________ treatment.

  • A. Cleaning
  • B. Finishing
  • C. Dyeing
  • D. Printing
  • Answer: B. Finishing
  • Explanation: Sueding is a finishing process applied to fabrics to give them a soft, brushed texture similar to suede leather. It involves the use of special mechanical techniques to raise the surface fibers of the fabric.

A clothing review is __________.

  • A. Whitening
  • B. Wardrobe plan
  • C. Cleaning
  • D. Schreinerizing
  • Answer: B. Wardrobe plan
  • Explanation: A clothing review typically refers to a wardrobe plan, where one evaluates their existing clothing collection to organize, plan, and optimize their wardrobe for functionality, style, or specific needs.

The direction of threads in a woven fabric is known as_________.

  • A. Selvedge
  • B. Grain
  • C. Warp
  • D. Weft
  • Answer: B. Grain
  • Explanation: The term ‘grain’ in fabric refers to the direction of the weave. It’s an important concept in garment construction, as cutting and aligning fabric along the correct grain ensures that the garment hangs properly.

Singeing of cotton is carried out to_________.

  • A. Remove protruding fibers from fabric’s surface
  • B. Impart luster
  • C. Cut long threads from fabric’s surface
  • D. Increase pliability of fibers
  • Answer: A. Remove protruding fibers from fabric’s surface
  • Explanation: Singeing is a process where the surface fibers of a fabric, like cotton, are burned off. This is done to remove any protruding fibers, resulting in a smoother surface.

Fabric cut at a 45° angle is ________.

  • A. Seam allowance
  • B. Seam finish
  • C. Seam
  • D. Bias
  • Answer: D. Bias
  • Explanation: When fabric is cut at a 45° angle to the weave, it is cut on the bias. This technique is used to create garments that drape softly and stretch more easily than when cut along the warp or weft.

__________ is a man-made cellulosic fiber.

  • A. Rayon
  • B. Acrylic
  • C. Orlon
  • D. Nylon
  • Answer: A. Rayon
  • Explanation: Rayon is a man-made fiber made from cellulose, typically derived from wood pulp. It is known for its silk-like feel, making it a popular choice for a variety of textile applications.

The country that sent dolls dressed in the latest fashion to other nations was_________.

  • A. England
  • B. China
  • C. New York
  • D. France
  • Answer: D. France
  • Explanation: France, particularly during the 18th century, used to send dolls dressed in the latest fashions to other countries as a means of showcasing and promoting French fashion.

67) The ancient Egyptians used _________ fiber for bandages for mummification.

  • A. Cotton
  • B. Linen
  • C. Jute
  • D. Silk
  • Answer: B. Linen
  • Explanation: Ancient Egyptians used linen, made from flax fibers, for bandages in the mummification process. Linen was chosen for its durability and purity.

The road that was very important for the exchange of luxury textiles between East and West was_________.

  • A. G.T Road
  • B. Silk Road
  • C. Persia Road
  • D. None of these
  • Answer: B. Silk Road
  • Explanation: The Silk Road was a network of trade routes that connected the East and West. It was pivotal for the exchange of luxury textiles, including silk, along with many other goods.

A-Symmetrical balance occurs when the space within a garment is divided into __________ parts.

  • A. Equal
  • B. Unequal
  • C. Three
  • D. Four
  • Answer: B. Unequal
  • Explanation: A-Symmetrical balance in design is achieved when the space is divided into unequal, yet harmonious parts. This kind of balance creates visual interest and movement in a garment.

When the design ________ work well together, Harmony is achieved.

  • A. Figures
  • B. Balance
  • C. Proportion
  • D. Elements
  • Answer: D. Elements
  • Explanation: Harmony in design is achieved when various design elements, such as color, texture, shape, and line, work well together to create a cohesive and aesthetically pleasing whole.

Triangular-shaped folds of fabric stitched to control ________ are called darts.

  • A. Gathers
  • B. Pleats
  • C. Fullness
  • D. Hem
  • Answer: C. Fullness
  • Explanation: Darts are triangular-shaped folds sewn into fabric, primarily used to shape the garment and control fullness, particularly around curves such as the bust, waist, and hips.

The main constituent of wool fiber is __________.

  • A. Cellulose
  • B. Casien
  • C. Reformation
  • D. Keratin
  • Answer: D. Keratin
  • Explanation: Wool fiber is primarily composed of keratin, a type of protein. This protein structure gives wool its unique properties like elasticity and resilience.

This is a yarn producing machine.

  • A. Ring-frame
  • B. Spinning
  • C. Knitting
  • D. Felting
  • Answer: A. Ring-frame
  • Explanation: The ring-frame is a machine used in the spinning process of yarn production. It spins fibers into yarn and winds it onto a bobbin.

Colours which are exact _________ to each other on the colour wheel are compliments.

  • A. Parallel
  • B. Monochromatic
  • C. Opposite
  • D. Tetrade
  • Answer: C. Opposite
  • Explanation: Complementary colors are located directly opposite each other on the color wheel. They create a strong contrast and, when used together, make each other appear brighter.

Green and blues are _________ colors.

  • A. Cool
  • B. Intensity
  • C. Bright
  • D. Dull
  • Answer: A. Cool
  • Explanation: Green and blue are considered cool colors. Cool colors are often calming and soothing but can also express sadness.

There are ___________ neutral colors.

  • A. 1
  • B. 4
  • C. 3
  • D. 5
  • Answer: C. 3
  • Explanation: There are three traditional neutral colors: black, white, and gray. These colors are considered ‘neutral’ as they do not show any hue.

Flax is a __________ fiber.

  • A. Cellulosic
  • B. Protein
  • C. Synthetic
  • D. Man Made
  • Answer: A. Cellulosic
  • Explanation: Flax is a cellulosic fiber, which means it is derived from plant cellulose. It is used to produce linen, known for its strength and coolness.

Fashion magazines help in spreading__________.

  • A. Fashion
  • B. Textile Designs
  • C. Paintings
  • D. News
  • Answer: A. Fashion
  • Explanation: Fashion magazines play a significant role in disseminating fashion trends and information, influencing public perception and style preferences.

Which of the following is a leaf fiber?

  • A. Cotton
  • B. Banana
  • C. Flax
  • D. Sisal
  • Answer: B. Banana
  • Explanation: Banana fiber is a natural leaf fiber derived from the banana plant. It is known for its durability and eco-friendliness.

Polyester fiber is manufactured by_________ spinning method.

  • A. Dry
  • B. Wet
  • C. Melt
  • D. Ring
  • Answer: C. Melt
  • Explanation: Polyester fibers are produced using the melt spinning method. In this process, the polymer is melted and extruded through spinnerets to form fibers.

Solution dyeing is mostly used for ________ fibers.

  • A. Wool
  • B. Natural
  • C. Synthetic
  • D. Cellulosic
  • Answer: C. Synthetic
  • Explanation: Solution dyeing is predominantly used for synthetic fibers. This process involves adding color to the molten polymer before it is extruded into fibers, resulting in colorfast and uniformly colored fibers.

________ are items worn on the body.

  • A. Fabric
  • B. Clothing
  • C. Textiles
  • D. Designs
  • Answer: B. Clothing
  • Explanation: Clothing refers to items worn on the body. Clothes are made from various materials or textiles and are essential for protection, comfort, and personal expression.

Points create lines and lines create__________.

  • A. Shapes
  • B. Colors
  • C. Space
  • D. Emotions
  • Answer: A. Shapes
  • Explanation: In design and art, points can be connected to create lines, and these lines, when connected, form shapes. Shapes are fundamental elements in creating any visual composition or design.

Which one is the strongest weave?

  • A. Plain
  • B. Basket
  • C. Twill
  • D. Satin
  • Answer: C. Twill
  • Explanation: The twill weave is known for its strength and durability. It’s characterized by a diagonal rib pattern, making it stronger than plain or satin weaves.

Muslin is a cotton fabric of _________ weave.

  • A. Plain
  • B. Twill
  • C. Maison
  • D. Satin
  • Answer: A. Plain
  • Explanation: Muslin is a type of cotton fabric that is typically made using a plain weave. It is known for its lightness and fine texture.

Queen Marie Antoinette started a __________ revolution in France.

  • A. Freedom
  • B. 1857
  • C. Fashion
  • D. Style
  • Answer: C. Fashion
  • Explanation: Queen Marie Antoinette of France was known for her extravagant and trend-setting fashion choices, which significantly influenced the fashion revolution in France during her time.

___________ are made specifically for an individual.

  • A. Haute-Couture
  • B. Pret wear
  • C. Special cloths
  • D. Costumes
  • Answer: A. Haute-Couture
  • Explanation: Haute-Couture garments are high-end fashion designs made specifically for an individual client. They are custom-fitted and often involve high-quality materials and craftsmanship.

_________ is the ability of a fabric to fall under its own weight into wavy folds of different nature.

  • A. Texture
  • B. Feel
  • C. Fall
  • D. Drape
  • Answer: D. Drape
  • Explanation: Drape refers to the ability of a fabric to fall gracefully and fluidly in waves or folds. It’s a key quality considered in garment design for achieving a desired aesthetic effect.

Compounds that color textile is known as __________.

  • A. Finished
  • B. Dyes
  • C. Bleaching
  • D. None of these
  • Answer: D. None of these
  • Explanation: The compounds used to color textiles are specifically known as dyes. Dyes are chemicals that impart color to textiles by binding to the fabric.

Which fiber is successfully produced in Bangladesh?

  • A. Kapok
  • B. Silk
  • C. Jute
  • D. Flax
  • Answer: C. Jute
  • Explanation: Jute is a fiber that is extensively and successfully produced in Bangladesh. It is a long, soft, shiny bast fiber that can be spun into coarse, strong threads. Bangladesh is one of the world’s largest producers of jute.

Hooks, eyes, snaps, buttons, and zipper are ______ for garments.

  • A. Markings
  • B. Designs
  • C. Fastener
  • D. Facing
  • Answer: C. Fastener
  • Explanation: Hooks, eyes, snaps, buttons, and zippers are all types of fasteners used in garments. They are functional components that help in closing or securing different parts of a garment.

Buttonholes are of _______ types.

  • A. One
  • B. Two
  • C. Four
  • D. Five
  • Answer: B. Two
  • Explanation: Generally, there are two primary types of buttonholes: the machine-sewn buttonhole and the hand-sewn buttonhole. Each type can have variations in design and construction.

The companies that provide raw materials for the Fashion Pipeline are called __________.

  • A. Finish Product Supplier
  • B. Component Supplier
  • C. Retail Distributor
  • D. None of These
  • Answer: B. Component Supplier
  • Explanation: Component suppliers are companies that provide the essential raw materials and components used in the fashion industry. These can include fabrics, trims, fasteners, and other necessary materials.

It fits close to the neck without binding or gapping.

  • A. Composite
  • B. Seam
  • C. Collar or neckline
  • D. None of these
  • Answer: C. Collar or neckline
  • Explanation: A well-designed collar or neckline should fit close to the neck without any binding or gapping, ensuring comfort and a clean, polished look.

Any good fitting of a garment must have a considerable amount of_________.

  • A. Selvedge
  • B. Grain
  • C. Ease
  • D. Looseness
  • Answer: C. Ease
  • Explanation: Ease in garment fitting refers to the amount of room in a garment that allows for comfortable movement. It is the difference between the actual body measurements and the measurements of the garment.

Comfort, Appearance, and Durability are important factors for __________ of the garment.

  • A. Color
  • B. Wear
  • C. Good fitting
  • D. None of these
  • Answer: C. Good fitting
  • Explanation: Good fitting of a garment is essential for comfort, appearance, and durability. A well-fitted garment not only looks aesthetically pleasing but also ensures ease of movement and longevity of wear.

Caustic soda is used in ___________ process.

  • A. Whitening
  • B. Mercerization
  • C. Cleaning
  • D. None of these
  • Answer: B. Mercerization
  • Explanation: Mercerization is a textile finishing treatment for cotton and other cellulosic materials that involves the use of caustic soda. It improves dye uptake, increases strength, and gives a lustrous appearance to the fabric.

Fulling is a ____________ treatment.

  • A. Cleaning
  • B. Finishing
  • C. Dyeing
  • D. Printing
  • Answer: B. Finishing
  • Explanation: Fulling is a finishing process used in woolen fabric production. It involves cleaning, shrinking, and thickening the fabric to enhance its texture and appearance.

Color is _____________ of design.

  • A. Proportion
  • B. Element
  • C. Rhythm
  • D. All of these
  • Answer: B. Element
  • Explanation: Color is a fundamental element of design. It plays a crucial role in creating visual impact, conveying emotions, and establishing aesthetic appeal in design.

The designer of Haute Couture shows a new collection _________ a year.

  • A. Once
  • B. Twice
  • C. Thrice
  • D. Both a & b
  • Answer: B. Twice
  • Explanation: Haute Couture designers typically showcase new collections twice a year. These shows often correspond with the fashion seasons – Spring/Summer and Autumn/Winter.

Other names for screen printing include ___________.

  • A. Digital printing
  • B. Transfer printing
  • C. Synthetic printing
  • D. Silk screen printing
  • Answer: D. Silk screen printing
  • Explanation: Silk screen printing is another term for screen printing, a technique where ink is pressed through a mesh or screen to create a printed design on a substrate.

In screen printing, a ___________ is used to transfer ink onto a substrate.

  • A. Net
  • B. Plastic
  • C. Mesh
  • D. Wood
  • Answer: C. Mesh
  • Explanation: Screen printing involves using a mesh screen to transfer ink onto a substrate, except in areas made impermeable to the ink by a blocking stencil.

Knitting needles by hand should be ___________ inches long.

  • A. 7 to 14
  • B. 1 to 7
  • C. 14 to 21
  • D. None of these
  • Answer: A. 7 to 14
  • Explanation: For hand knitting, knitting needles of 7 to 14 inches in length are commonly used. The length of the needle depends on the project and the knitter’s comfort.

Other name for color is ___________.

  • A. Pigment
  • B. Dye
  • C. Paint
  • D. Hue
  • Answer: D. Hue
  • Explanation: Hue is another term used to describe a color or shade. It refers to the dominant wavelength of color in the spectrum.

__________ is the oldest type of printing.

  • A. Screen printing
  • B. Block printing
  • C. Transfer printing
  • D. Digital printing
  • Answer: B. Block printing
  • Explanation: Block printing is one of the oldest methods of printing on fabric. It involves carving designs into wooden blocks that are then used to stamp the design onto the fabric.

Thread count found in typewriter ribbon fabric is:

  • A. 250
  • B. 300
  • C. 350
  • D. 400
  • Answer: C. 350
  • Explanation: The thread count in typewriter ribbon fabric is typically around 350. Thread count refers to the number of threads per square inch of fabric, indicating the fabric’s fineness.

Process introduced into the spinning of finer and high-quality yarns for cotton is:

  • A. Carding
  • B. Combing
  • C. Slashing
  • D. Roving
  • Answer: B. Combing
  • Explanation: The combing process in cotton spinning is used to produce finer and higher-quality yarns. It involves cleaning the fibers and aligning them parallel to each other, resulting in smoother and stronger yarns.

Dyeing at the fiber stage is known as ___________.

  • A. Solution dyeing
  • B. Top dyeing
  • C. Stock dyeing
  • D. None of these
  • Answer: C. Stock dyeing
  • Explanation: Stock dyeing refers to the process of dyeing fibers before they are spun into yarns. This method is effective for achieving color uniformity and depth.

When already dyed fabric is printed, it is called ____________.

  • A. Double printing
  • B. Another printing
  • C. Over printing
  • D. All of these
  • Answer: C. Over printing
  • Explanation: Over printing is the process of printing on fabric that has already been dyed. It involves adding a pattern or design onto the already colored fabric.

Acetate is derived from__________.

  • A. Cellulose
  • B. Protein
  • C. Latex
  • D. Rubber
  • Answer: A. Cellulose
  • Explanation: Acetate fiber is derived from cellulose, which is usually sourced from wood pulp. This makes it a semi-synthetic fiber, as it is created from a natural source but undergoes significant processing.

Block printing first originated in which country?

  • A. Indonesia
  • B. China
  • C. Egypt
  • D. Asia
  • Answer: B. China
  • Explanation: Block printing, known for its intricate designs and patterns on textiles, was initially developed in China. This ancient technique of textile printing later spread to various regions in Asia and beyond.

What is the primary basis for garment cutting and manufacturing?

  • A. Measurement
  • B. Fit
  • C. Style
  • D. Fullness
  • Answer: A. Measurement
  • Explanation: The process of garment cutting and manufacturing fundamentally relies on precise measurements. Accurate measurements are essential to ensure that the final garment fits well and meets the desired style specifications.

What term describes a fashion trend that is popular for a short period?

  • A. Tradition
  • B. Classic
  • C. Fad
  • D. Old-fashioned
  • Answer: C. Fad
  • Explanation: A ‘Fad’ is a term used to describe a fashion trend that experiences a brief surge in popularity. Fads are known for their fleeting nature, quickly becoming popular and then fading away.

What is the term for the surface ornamentation of fabric?

  • A. Fashion designing
  • B. Textile designing
  • C. Designing
  • D. None of these
  • Answer: B. Textile designing
  • Explanation: Textile designing is the art and process of designing and creating patterns and designs on fabric surfaces. This field encompasses a range of techniques such as embroidery, printing, and fabric manipulation.

What are short fibers, measured in inches or centimeters, called?

  • A. Filament
  • B. Staple
  • C. Coarse
  • D. Bonded
  • Answer: B. Staple
  • Explanation: Staple fibers are relatively short fibers, typically measured in inches or centimeters. They are distinct from filament fibers, which are long continuous fibers. Staple fibers are used in a variety of textiles and can be natural or synthetic.

Cotton can also be _________ to enhance the fiber’s strength and luster.

  • A. Finished
  • B. Bleached
  • C. Mercerized
  • D. Calendered
  • Answer: C. Mercerized
  • Explanation: Mercerization is a treatment applied to cotton fibers to improve their strength and give them a lustrous appearance. This process involves treating the cotton with caustic soda, resulting in fibers that are stronger and have a more vibrant sheen.

Which of the following is an elastomeric fiber?

  • A. Acrylic
  • B. Mod Acrylic
  • C. Nylon
  • D. Spandex
  • Answer: D. Spandex
  • Explanation: Spandex is recognized as an elastomeric fiber due to its exceptional elasticity. It is known for its ability to stretch significantly and then return to its original shape, which is a unique characteristic compared to fibers like acrylic, mod acrylic, and nylon.

Dacron is a trade name for which fiber?

  • A. Nylon
  • B. Polyester
  • C. Spandex
  • D. Acrylic
  • Answer: B. Polyester
  • Explanation: Dacron is the trade name for polyester, a widely used synthetic fiber known for its durability, resistance to stretching and shrinking, and quick-drying properties.

What treatment adds luster to fabric using heat and pressure?

  • A. Lustering
  • B. Felting
  • C. Beetling
  • D. Glazing
  • Answer: A. Lustering
  • Explanation: Lustering is a fabric treatment process that uses heat and pressure to impart a sheen or luster to the fabric. This process is commonly applied to wool fibers to enhance their appearance and texture.

What is the term for the ability of a fiber to stretch and return to its original shape?

  • A. Elasticity
  • B. Crimp
  • C. Stretch
  • D. Pliability
  • Answer: A. Elasticity
  • Explanation: Elasticity in fibers refers to their ability to stretch and then return to their original shape and size. This property is essential in textiles for ensuring fit, comfort, and shape retention.

What device holds the finished fabric under tension?

  • A. Cloth beam
  • B. Shuttle
  • C. Warp beam
  • D. None of these
  • Answer: A. Cloth beam
  • Explanation: In weaving, the cloth beam is the device on which the finished fabric is wound. It maintains the fabric under tension as it is being woven, ensuring proper alignment and consistency in the weave.

What term describes the ability of a fiber to return to its original shape after stretching?

  • A. Wicking
  • B. Absorbency
  • C. Resiliency
  • D. None of these
  • Answer: C. Resiliency
  • Explanation: Resiliency in fibers refers to their ability to return to their original shape after being stretched or compressed. This property is important for maintaining the shape and appearance of textiles over time.

What is it called when already dyed fabric is printed?

  • A. Double printing
  • B. Another printing
  • C. Over printing
  • D. Printing
  • Answer: C. Over printing
  • Explanation: Over printing is the process of applying a print or pattern onto fabric that has already been dyed. This technique allows for the addition of intricate designs on top of a colored base fabric.

How often does a Haute Couture designer typically show a new collection in a year?

  • A. Once
  • B. Twice
  • C. Thrice
  • D. Both A & B
  • Answer: B. Twice
  • Explanation: Designers of Haute Couture typically present new collections twice a year. These collections are often showcased during the major fashion seasons, aligning with Spring/Summer and Autumn/Winter cycles.

Grass bleaching is applicable for which type of fabrics?

  • A. Suede
  • B. Linen
  • C. Denim
  • D. Printed
  • Answer: B. Linen
  • Explanation: Grass bleaching is a method often used for linen fabrics. This natural bleaching process involves exposing the linen to sunlight on grass fields, which gently and gradually whitens the fabric.

Bleaching is a ____________ treatment.

  • A. Whitening
  • B. Mercerizing
  • C. Cleaning
  • D. Schreinerizing
  • Answer: A. Whitening
  • Explanation: Bleaching is a textile treatment primarily aimed at whitening fabrics. It removes natural coloration and impurities from fibers, resulting in a clean, bright appearance.

The direction of threads in a woven fabric is known as__________.

  • A. Selvedge
  • B. Grain
  • C. Warp
  • D. Weft
  • Answer: B. Grain
  • Explanation: The term ‘grain’ in textiles refers to the direction of the threads in a woven fabric. It is an important concept in fabric cutting and garment construction, as the grain direction affects the drape and fit of the finished product.

Singeing of cotton is carried out to___________.

  • A. Remove protruding fibers from fabric’s surface
  • B. Impart luster
  • C. Cut long threads from fabric’s surface
  • D. Increase pliability of fibers
  • Answer: A. Remove protruding fibers from fabric’s surface
  • Explanation: Singeing is the process of burning off the surface fibers from fabric, particularly cotton, to produce a smoother finish. It removes protruding fibers and fuzz, enhancing the fabric’s appearance and texture.

Spinning of yarn means ____________.

  • A. Denier
  • B. Twisting
  • C. Tex
  • D. Pulling
  • Answer: B. Twisting
  • Explanation: Spinning of yarn primarily involves twisting fibers together. This twisting process combines individual fibers into a continuous and cohesive yarn, which is essential for creating textiles.

Which material is known as artificial silk?

  • A. Rayon
  • B. Acrylic
  • C. Acetate
  • D. Nylon
  • Answer: A. Rayon
  • Explanation: Rayon is often referred to as artificial silk due to its smooth, silky texture. It’s a man-made fiber, created from regenerated cellulose, and it mimics many of the qualities of silk.

What does FTC stand for?

  • A. Federal Trade Commission
  • B. Federal Textile Commission
  • C. Fata Textile Commission
  • D. Federal Textile Council
  • Answer: A. Federal Trade Commission
  • Explanation: FTC stands for the Federal Trade Commission, a U.S. government agency that promotes consumer protection and the elimination of anti-competitive business practices.

When different fibers are combined into yarn, it is known as ___________.

  • A. Staple
  • B. Blend
  • C. Cabled
  • D. Decorative
  • Answer: B. Blend
  • Explanation: Blending refers to the process of combining different types of fibers into a single yarn. This technique is used to combine the desirable properties of each fiber type, resulting in a yarn with enhanced characteristics.

What is the color of cellulose xanthate in rayon production?

  • A. Blue
  • B. Yellow
  • C. Orange
  • D. White
  • Answer: C. Orange
  • Explanation: In the production of rayon, cellulose xanthate, a key intermediate, is typically orange in color. This compound is formed during the chemical transformation of cellulose into rayon.

How is the construction of knitted fabrics evaluated?

  • A. Holes
  • B. Stitches
  • C. Loops
  • D. Rings
  • Answer: C. Loops
  • Explanation: The construction of knitted fabrics is primarily evaluated based on the number and arrangement of loops. These loops are interlinked to form the structure of the knitted fabric.

Which type of fabrics dry very rapidly?

  • A. Cotton
  • B. Nylon
  • C. Wool
  • D. Jute
  • Answer: B. Nylon
  • Explanation: Nylon fabrics are known for their quick-drying properties. This synthetic material is hydrophobic, meaning it does not absorb much water and dries rapidly compared to natural fibers like cotton or wool.

What does resistance to shrinkage mean in terms of fabric?

  • A. Water
  • B. Heat
  • C. Color
  • D. Shrinkage
  • Answer: D. Shrinkage
  • Explanation: Shrinkage resistance refers to a fabric’s ability to maintain its original dimensions and not shrink when washed or exposed to moisture. It is an important property for maintaining the longevity and appearance of a garment.

Jersey fabrics have a tendency to ________ at the edges.

  • A. Curl
  • B. Finish
  • C. Ravel
  • D. Fix
  • Answer: A. Curl
  • Explanation: Jersey fabric, typically a type of knit fabric, often has a tendency to curl at the edges. This is due to the nature of the knit structure, where the edges can roll or curl, especially after being cut.

Polyester is normally a ________ fiber.

  • A. Rough
  • B. Dull
  • C. Bright
  • D. Staple
  • Answer: C. Bright
  • Explanation: Polyester fibers are generally characterized by their bright luster. This synthetic fiber is known for its strength, durability, and resistance to wrinkling and shrinking, along with its bright appearance.

Chemical compounds of nylon are classified as ______.

  • A. Polyvinyl
  • B. Polyamide
  • C. Estron
  • D. Rubber
  • Answer: B. Polyamide
  • Explanation: Nylon is classified as a polyamide, a type of polymer consisting of units linked by amide bonds. Nylon is known for its strength, elasticity, and resistance to abrasion and chemicals.

In weaving, what is the process of inserting filling yarns through the shed?

  • A. Shedding
  • B. Picking
  • C. Battening
  • D. Spinning
  • Answer: B. Picking
  • Explanation: In weaving, the process of inserting filling yarns (weft) through the shed (the space between the raised and lowered warp yarns) is known as picking. This step is crucial in forming the fabric by interlacing the weft with the warp yarns.

What is the term for the number of threads per square inch in fabric?

  • A. Thread count
  • B. Yarn Count
  • C. Selvage
  • D. Filament
  • Answer: A. Thread count
  • Explanation: Thread count is a measure of the coarseness or fineness of fabric, indicated by the number of threads contained in one square inch. It includes both the lengthwise (warp) and widthwise (weft) threads.

Which of these is a staple fiber in nature?

  • A. Wool
  • B. Silk
  • C. Rayon
  • D. Orlon
  • Answer: A. Wool
  • Explanation: Wool is a natural staple fiber, meaning it consists of short lengths of fibers. Staple fibers are spun or twisted to create yarn, unlike filament fibers, which are long and continuous.

Flax is a _________ fiber.

  • A. Cellulosic
  • B. Proteinic
  • C. Synthetic
  • D. Man Made
  • Answer: A. Cellulosic
  • Explanation: Flax is a natural cellulosic fiber derived from the stem of the flax plant. It is used to make linen, known for its durability, strength, and absorption properties.

_________ is more than just clothing.

  • A. Illustrations
  • B. Finishes
  • C. Fashion
  • D. Sketches
  • Answer: C. Fashion
  • Explanation: Fashion encompasses more than just clothing; it is a form of self-expression and art that includes the design, manufacturing, distribution, marketing, and consumption of clothing and accessories.

Who was the first designer to have his label sewn into garments?

  • A. Charles Dickens
  • B. Charles James
  • C. Frederick Jameson Worth
  • D. Charles Frederick Worth
  • Answer: D. Charles Frederick Worth
  • Explanation: Charles Frederick Worth is credited as the first fashion designer to have his label sewn into the garments he created. He is often referred to as the father of haute couture.

What is pattern making in the context of garment production?

  • A. Pattern making
  • B. Draping
  • C. Blocks
  • D. Cloth
  • Answer: A. Pattern making
  • Explanation: Pattern making is the process of creating patterns for a garment. It involves translating a clothing design into its constituent flat pattern pieces, which are then used to cut the fabric and construct the garment.

What type of fiber is sisal?

  • A. Man made
  • B. Natural
  • C. Synthetic
  • D. Plastic
  • Answer: B. Natural
  • Explanation: Sisal is a natural fiber derived from the Agave sisalana plant. It is primarily used for rope, twine, and other durable materials due to its strength and resistance to deterioration in saltwater.

Which weave creates a thicker fabric ribbing?

  • A. Taffeta
  • B. Tulle
  • C. Laces
  • D. Muslin
  • Answer: A. Taffeta
  • Explanation: Taffeta is characterized by its fine ribs or cords, creating a thicker fabric ribbing in its weave. It’s known for its crisp, smooth texture.

Which principle is applied to applying color to yarns?

  • A. Digital imaging
  • B. Immersion
  • C. Bleaching
  • D. None of these
  • Answer: B. Immersion
  • Explanation: Immersion dyeing is a common method of applying color to yarns. In this process, yarns are immersed in a dye solution, allowing the color to penetrate the fibers.

Which country was the first to produce silk fiber?

  • A. Cotton
  • B. Silk
  • C. Jute
  • D. Flax
  • Answer: B. Silk
  • Explanation: China is recognized as the first country to produce silk fiber. Silk production, or sericulture, has a long and storied history in China, dating back several millennia.

Which of the following would NOT assist in controlling potential environmental damage caused by the textile industry?

  • A. Pollution control
  • B. Government legislation
  • C. Globalization
  • D. Recycling
  • Answer: C. Globalization
  • Explanation: While globalization can have both positive and negative impacts on various industries, it may not directly assist in controlling environmental damage caused by the textile industry. Pollution control, government legislation, and recycling are more directly related to environmental control measures.

What is the technique to create a raised design on the fabric surface called?

  • A. Glazing
  • B. Weighting
  • C. Calendaring
  • D. Embossing
  • Answer: D. Embossing
  • Explanation: Embossing is a technique used to create a raised or three-dimensional design on the surface of a fabric or material.

Which treatment prevents fabric from clinging?

  • A. Waterproof finish
  • B. Antibacterial finish
  • C. Antistatic finish
  • D. Mothproof finish
  • Answer: C. Antistatic finish
  • Explanation: Antistatic finish is a treatment applied to fabrics to prevent them from clinging to the body or other surfaces due to static electricity.

What does “Genesis of textiles” mean?

  • A. Present
  • B. Development
  • C. History
  • D. Grade
  • Answer: C. History
  • Explanation: “Genesis of textiles” refers to the historical development and origin of textiles.

What does APTMA stand for?

  • A. All Pakistan Textile Mills Association
  • B. All Punjab Textile Manufacturing Association
  • C. All Power Textile Manufacturing Association
  • D. None of these
  • Answer: A. All Pakistan Textile Mills Association
  • Explanation: APTMA stands for All Pakistan Textile Mills Association, which is an association representing the textile industry in Pakistan.

What type of treatment is bleaching?

  • A. Whitening
  • B. Mercerizing
  • C. Cleaning
  • D. None of these
  • Answer: A. Whitening
  • Explanation: Bleaching is a treatment used to whiten textiles by removing color or impurities from the fabric.

What is the process of removing free fiber ends from the fabric surface by burning method called?

  • A. Cleaning
  • B. Finishing
  • C. Singeing
  • D. Shearing
  • Answer: C. Singeing
  • Explanation: Singeing is the process of burning off or removing free fiber ends from the fabric surface to create a smoother and cleaner appearance.

What does the color red signify?

  • A. Earth
  • B. Danger
  • C. Rhythm
  • D. All of these
  • Answer: B. Danger
  • Explanation: The color red is often associated with danger and warning signs.

What are made from chemicals or petroleum and work well in either hard or soft water?

  • A. Soaps
  • B. Detergents
  • C. Bleach
  • D. Starch
  • Answer: B. Detergents
  • Explanation: Detergents are cleaning agents made from chemicals or petroleum-based compounds and are effective in both hard and soft water.

What is another name for screen printing?

  • A. Digital printing
  • B. Transfer printing
  • C. Synthetic printing
  • D. Silk screen printing
  • Answer: D. Silk screen printing
  • Explanation: Screen printing is also commonly known as silk screen printing.

What does C.O.D. stand for?

  • A. Care of delivery
  • B. Cash on delivery
  • C. Care of design
  • D. Collection of delivery
  • Answer: B. Cash on delivery
  • Explanation: C.O.D. stands for “Cash on delivery,” which is a payment method where payment is collected by the delivery person when the goods are delivered to the customer.

What type of materials does knitting produce?

  • A. Stretchable
  • B. Stiff
  • C. Durable
  • D. None of these
  • Answer: A. Stretchable
  • Explanation: Knitting produces stretchable materials, as the interlocking loops in knitting allow for flexibility and stretch in the fabric.

Basically, what is “hue” the name of?

  • A. Pigment
  • B. Dye
  • C. Paint
  • D. Color
  • Answer: D. Color
  • Explanation: Hue is a term used to refer to the color itself, representing the specific color of an object without considering its saturation or brightness.

Which is the oldest type of printing?

  • A. Screen printing
  • B. Block printing
  • C. Transfer printing
  • D. Digital printing
  • Answer: B. Block printing
  • Explanation: Block printing is one of the oldest methods of textile printing, where patterns are carved onto wooden blocks and then stamped onto fabric.

Which yarn count system is used for spun yarns?

  • A. Complex
  • B. Filament
  • C. Spun
  • D. None of these
  • Answer: C. Spun
  • Explanation: The yarn count system used for spun yarns is typically referred to as the “spun yarn count” system, which measures the fineness or thickness of spun yarns.

In dress designing, what type of lines are dramatic and more trendy in nature?

  • A. Vertical
  • B. Horizontal
  • C. Diagonal
  • D. Curved
  • Answer: C. Diagonal
  • Explanation: Diagonal lines in dress designing can create a dramatic and trendy appearance, adding visual interest to the design.

What is the extra amount of garment looseness called?

  • A. Measurement
  • B. Wearing ease
  • C. Proportion
  • D. Disproportion
  • Answer: B. Wearing ease
  • Explanation: Wearing ease is the extra amount of looseness added to a garment to ensure comfort and ease of movement for the wearer.

What is the term for the self-edge of woven fabric?

  • A. Selvage
  • B. Bias
  • C. Dyeing
  • D. Printing
  • Answer: A. Selvage
  • Explanation: The self-edge of woven fabric is called the selvage, and it is the edge of the fabric that is finished to prevent fraying.

How many types of knitting are there?

  • A. 1
  • B. 3
  • C. 2
  • D. 4
  • Answer: C. 2
  • Explanation: There are two main types of knitting: weft knitting and warp knitting, each with its own characteristics and uses.

What causes slack yarn in weaving?

  • A. Slub yarn
  • B. Insufficient tension
  • C. Defective yarn
  • D. None of these
  • Answer: B. Insufficient tension
  • Explanation: Slack yarn in weaving can occur due to insufficient tension in the weaving process, leading to uneven and loose threads in the fabric.

Ends and picks are known as what and what respectively?

  • A. Warp and filling
  • B. Filling and warp
  • C. None of these
  • D. Both of these
  • Answer: A. Warp and filling
  • Explanation: In weaving, “ends” refer to the threads that run lengthwise (vertically) in the fabric, and “picks” refer to the threads that run crosswise (horizontally) in the fabric. “Warp” is another term for ends, while “filling” is another term for picks.

Part of the garment that turns back below the collar is called what?

  • A. Yoke
  • B. Hem
  • C. Lapel
  • D. Trim
  • Answer: C. Lapel
  • Explanation: The part of a garment that turns back below the collar is called the lapel. Lapels are commonly found on jackets and blazers.

Which technique is used to prevent the edge from fraying?

  • A. Seam allowance
  • B. Seam finish
  • C. Seam
  • D. None of these
  • Answer: B. Seam finish
  • Explanation: Seam finish techniques are used to prevent the raw edges of fabric from fraying. Examples of seam finishes include serging, zigzag stitching, and using pinking shears.

When the design elements work well together, what is achieved?

  • A. Rhythm
  • B. Balance
  • C. Proportion
  • D. Harmony
  • Answer: D. Harmony
  • Explanation: When the design elements of a garment work well together and create a pleasing and balanced overall effect, it is said to achieve harmony in design.

What do you call the lightness or darkness of color?

  • A. Shade
  • B. Value
  • C. Tint
  • D. None of these
  • Answer: B. Value
  • Explanation: The lightness or darkness of a color is referred to as its “value.” Value is an important aspect of color perception and design.

What is the outline or silhouette of an object called?

  • A. Shape
  • B. Space
  • C. Proportion
  • D. Rhythm
  • Answer: A. Shape
  • Explanation: The outline or silhouette of an object, whether it’s in art or design, is called its “shape.”

What is the pleasing arrangement of all parts of a garment called?

  • A. Balance
  • B. Harmony
  • C. Proportion
  • D. Rhythm
  • Answer: B. Harmony
  • Explanation: The pleasing arrangement of all parts of a garment, where design elements work well together, is referred to as “harmony” in design.

In knitting, warp knits are made with how many yarns?

  • A. One
  • B. Four
  • C. Three
  • D. Several
  • Answer: D. Several
  • Explanation: Warp knits in knitting are made with several yarns, typically on a knitting machine. Warp knitting involves the interlocking of multiple parallel yarns.

Regenerated fibers are widely used in what?

  • A. Clothing
  • B. Industries
  • C. Carpets
  • D. Nets
  • Answer: B. Industries
  • Explanation: Regenerated fibers, such as rayon and lyocell, are widely used in various industries, including textiles, due to their versatility and sustainable properties.

What is the decorative art of tying knots called?

  • A. Macrame
  • B. Crocheting
  • C. Braiding
  • D. Embroidery
  • Answer: A. Macrame
  • Explanation: Macrame is the decorative art of tying knots to create various patterns and designs. It is often used for creating textiles, jewelry, and decorative items.

When two or more yarns are twisted together they are designated as what yarns?

  • A. Doubled
  • B. Novelty
  • C. Ply
  • D. Cabled
  • Answer: C. Ply
  • Explanation: When two or more yarns are twisted together to form a single strand, they are designated as “ply” yarns. The number of plies in a yarn can vary, and it is often indicated on the yarn label (e.g., 2-ply, 3-ply).

Fashion also affects noneconomic matters as what?

  • A. Money
  • B. Economy
  • C. Expenses
  • D. Social customs
  • Answer: D. Social customs
  • Explanation: Fashion not only influences economic aspects but also has an impact on social customs, cultural norms, and how people express themselves through clothing and style.

Important trimmings used to decorate a garment are what?

  • A. Flayers
  • B. Nets
  • C. Knits
  • D. Laces
  • Answer: D. Laces
  • Explanation: Laces are important trimmings used to decorate garments. They add a decorative and ornamental element to clothing.

What is used in mercerization?

  • A. Sodium hydroxide
  • B. Schreinerizing
  • C. Glactose
  • D. None of these
  • Answer: A. Sodium hydroxide
  • Explanation: Mercerization is a textile finishing process that involves treating cotton or other cellulosic fibers with a solution of sodium hydroxide (also known as caustic soda) to improve their luster, strength, and dye affinity.

The strength, abrasion resistance, and stability of polyester make it very suitable for what?

  • A. Ropes
  • B. Sewing thread
  • C. Pampers
  • D. Industries
  • Answer: B. Sewing thread
  • Explanation: Polyester’s strength, abrasion resistance, and stability make it an excellent choice for sewing thread. It is commonly used in sewing because of its durability and versatility.

Batik is a technique of what?

  • A. Dye resist dyeing
  • B. Wax resist dyeing
  • C. Tie and dye
  • D. Block resist dyeing
  • Answer: B. Wax resist dyeing
  • Explanation: Batik is a technique of wax resist dyeing. It involves applying wax to specific areas of fabric to create a resist before dyeing, resulting in intricate and colorful patterns.

Spinnerette orifices are coated with specific what?

  • A. Solution
  • B. Tank
  • C. Alloy
  • D. Net
  • Answer: C. Alloy
  • Explanation: Spinnerette orifices (the nozzles through which fibers are extruded during spinning) are coated with a specific alloy to withstand the high temperatures and pressures involved in the fiber production process.

The ability of a fiber to stretch and return to shape is what?

  • A. Elasticity
  • B. Crimp
  • C. Stretch
  • D. Pliability
  • Answer: A. Elasticity
  • Explanation: Elasticity refers to the ability of a fiber or material to stretch when force is applied and return to its original shape when the force is removed.

Disposable masks are made by what material?

  • A. Polypropylene
  • B. Paper
  • C. Jute
  • D. None of these
  • Answer: A. Polypropylene
  • Explanation: Disposable masks are commonly made from polypropylene material, which is lightweight and has suitable filtration properties for respiratory protection.

In fabrics, charge develops from friction by wearing and general use is what?

  • A. Static charge
  • B. Friction
  • C. Slipping
  • D. None of these
  • Answer: A. Static charge
  • Explanation: Charge that develops from friction during wearing and general use of fabrics is known as static charge. It occurs when two materials rub against each other, causing an imbalance of electric charge.

How many operations are fundamental in any type of weaving?

  • A. 03
  • B. 04
  • C. 05
  • D. 06
  • Answer: B. 04
  • Explanation: There are four fundamental operations in any type of weaving: shedding, picking (or inserting the weft yarn), beating up, and taking up.

The right-hand twist is called what?

  • A. Twist
  • B. S twist
  • C. Z twist
  • D. None of these
  • Answer: C. Z twist
  • Explanation: In textiles, the right-hand twist of fibers is called “Z twist,” while the left-hand twist is called “S twist.” This terminology is used to describe the direction in which the fibers are twisted.

A sketch can be turned into what?

  • A. Design
  • B. Garment
  • C. Picture
  • D. Fabric
  • Answer: B. Garment
  • Explanation: A sketch can be turned into an actual garment through the process of pattern making, cutting, sewing, and assembling the fabric according to the design.

The length of a measuring tape is how many inches?

  • A. 50 inches
  • B. 62 inches
  • C. 60 inches
  • D. 59 inches
  • Answer: C. 60 inches
  • Explanation: The standard length of a measuring tape used for sewing and measuring is typically 60 inches (or 150 centimeters).

A garment is a what product?

  • A. Two-dimensional
  • B. Three-dimensional
  • C. Four-dimensional
  • D. Six-dimensional
  • Answer: B. Three-dimensional
  • Explanation: A garment is a three-dimensional product because it has length, width, and depth. It is designed to fit and cover the human body, giving it a three-dimensional shape.

Garment cutting and manufacturing are based on what?

  • A. Measurements
  • B. Fit
  • C. Style
  • D. Fullness
  • Answer: A. Measurements
  • Explanation: Garment cutting and manufacturing are based on precise measurements to ensure that the garment fits well and meets the intended size and shape requirements.

What is added for movement to make the garment comfortable to wear?

  • A. Seam allowance
  • B. Ease allowance
  • C. Hem allowance
  • D. Fasteners
  • Answer: B. Ease allowance
  • Explanation: Ease allowance is added to garments to provide extra fabric for movement and comfort, making the garment easier to wear without feeling restrictive.

Rayon is made of what?

  • A. Cellulose
  • B. Oxygen
  • C. Flax
  • D. Coal
  • Answer: A. Cellulose
  • Explanation: Rayon is made from cellulose, which is extracted from wood pulp or other plant-based sources. It is a semi-synthetic fiber.

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